• Edward J. Trapido


Cigarette smoking is the chief preventable cause of mortality in the United States. It is estimated that the annual excess mortality attributable to smoking in the United States exceeds 500,000. The bulk of these deaths are due to coronary heart disease, cancer, and chronic obstructive lung disease.1–3 In addition, smoking has been linked to gastrointestinal diseases,4 nonmalignant diseases of the mouth,5–7 and respiratory disease in children.8–10 In 1986, more people will die of smoking-related diseases than died in World War I, World War II, Korea, and the Vietnam War.


Lung Cancer Coronary Heart Disease Bladder Cancer Cigarette Smoking Laryngeal Cancer 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward J. Trapido
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OncologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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