• Joseph R. Berger
  • Roger E. Kelley


Despite recent declines in the incidence of stroke, it still remains the third leading cause of death in the United States, ranking only behind heart disease and cancer. Stroke occurs in approximately 500,000 persons annually in the United States. Approximately 80% of the individuals experiencing a stroke will survive the initial ictus, though the prognosis is intimately related to the nature of the stroke (Table I).1 The estimated prevalence of stroke survivors in the United States is two million. Of those surviving the ictus, 10% will have no disability; 40% will have a mild disability resulting in difficulties with ambulation, employment, and daily activities; 40% will have a marked disability and need special care; and 10% will require institutionalization.2 Stroke victims constitute 16% of the patients in skilled-care nursing-home beds. The direct and indirect cost of stroke in the United States is estimated at $7 billion per year.


Atrial Fibrillation Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Arteriovenous Malformation Rheumatic Heart Disease Framingham Study 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph R. Berger
    • 1
  • Roger E. Kelley
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Neurology and Internal MedicineUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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