Roles of the Basal Ganglia and Related Structure in Symptoms of Dystonia

  • Masaya Segawa
  • Yoshiko Nomura
  • Okihide Hikosaka
  • Mariko Soda
  • Sadanari Usui
  • Masao Kase
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 32)


The putamen and the globus pallidus are attended as the responsible nuclei for dystonia, however, their topographical correlation to the characteristic clinical features observed in certain types of dystonia remains unclarified. Some types of dystonia respond well to L-Dopa and others to anticholinergics and also there are groups of dystonia which do not respond to either drug (Lang, 1985), but there is no rationale for the differences in the basic pathophysiology.


Sleep Stage Tonic Component DAergic Neuron Sleep Structure Axial Torsion 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaya Segawa
    • 1
  • Yoshiko Nomura
    • 1
  • Okihide Hikosaka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mariko Soda
    • 1
  • Sadanari Usui
    • 1
  • Masao Kase
    • 1
  1. 1.Segawa Neurological Clinic for ChildrenTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Dept. of PhysiologyToho UniversityTokyoJapan

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