Two Groups of Extrapyramidal Involuntary Movements

  • Hirotaro Narabayashi
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 32)


Stereotaxic surgery has been proposed around 1950 as the specific, powerful device to alleviate certain, otherwise untreatable involuntary movements. It also provided the valuable chance to analyse and interpret the clinicophysiological mechanism of some of these movements. With introduction of microelectrode recording technique in 1963 by Albe-Fessard et al. which was followd by several investigators (Bates, 1969; Bertrand and Jasper, 1969; Hardy, 1966; Ohye et al., 1974), more detailed informations became obtainable on the operating table in each case about the neuronal activities from some depth structures. With use of about l0um size semimicroelectrode, the field potential of cellular activity is recorded, which is specific to each neuron. The details of the technique can be referred to the papers by the author and others.


Essential Tremor Dystonic Posture Surgical Lesion Stereotaxic Surgery Parkinsonian Tremor 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirotaro Narabayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyJuntendo University HospitalsTokyoJapan

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