Visual Assays of Transformation in Plant Cells

  • Virginia Walbot
  • Jeffrey R. de Wet
  • Michael Fromm
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 41)


We discuss the utility of visual assays for the expression of genes introduced into plant cells. Such assays are valuable for both transient and stable gene expression studies. We review the properties of three visual assays that are already in use or under development phase for maize and other cereal crops. These assays depend on the expression of β-galactosidase, luciferase, or structural genes required for anthocyanin pigment biosynthesis.


Chloramphenicol Acetyl Transferase Anthocyanin Pigment Anthocyanin Pigmentation Direct Gene Transfer Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Pathway 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia Walbot
    • 1
  • Jeffrey R. de Wet
    • 1
  • Michael Fromm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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