Advertisement

Molecular Biology of Salinity Stress: Preliminary Studies and Perspectives

  • Subbanaidu Ramagopal
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 41)

Abstract

Compared to anaerobiosis and heat shock, the molecular biology of salinity stress in higher plants is not well understood. Salinity tolerance is a complex trait controlled by a polygenic system (14). Genetic variability of this trait has now been recognized in a wide range of crops (1) but the genes regulating salt tolerance are yet to be identified. Consequently, plant breeders currently lack a selective marker for salinity tolerance.

Keywords

Heat Shock Salt Tolerance Salinity Stress Salinity Tolerance Salt Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Downton, W.J.S. (1984) Salt tolerance of food crops: Perspectives for improvements. CRC Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 1: 183–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ericson, M.C., and S.H. Alfinito (1984) Proteins produced during salt stress in tobacco cell cultures. Plant Physiol. 74: 506–509.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Epstein, E., J.D. Norlyn, D.W. Rush, R.W. Kingsbury, D.B. Kelley, G.A. Cunningham, and A.F. Wrona (1980) Saline culture of crops: A genetic approach. Science 210: 399–404.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mailga, P. (1984) Isolation and characterization of mutants in plant cell culture. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 35: 519–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nabors, M.W., S.E. Gibbs, C.S. Bernstein, and M.E. Meis (1980) NaCltolerant tobacco plants from cultured cells. Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 97: 13–17.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    O’Farrell, P.H. (1975) High resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of proteins. J. Biol. Chem. 250: 4007–4021.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    O’Farrell, P.Z., H.M. Goodman, and P.H. O’Farrell (1977) High resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of basic as well as acidic proteins. Cell 12: 1133–1142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ramagopal, S. (1986) Differential mRNA transcription during salinity stress in barley. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA (in press).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ramagopal, S. (1986) Protein synthesis in a maize callus exposed to NaC1 and mannitol. Plant Cell Reports (in press).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schaller, C.W., J.D. Prato, and M.J. Smith (1977) Registration of CM72 barley. Crop Sci. 19: 741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schaller, C.W., J.D. Prato, M.J. Smith, and C.I. Chim (1977) Registration of CM72 barley. Crop Sci. 17: 485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shannon, M.C. (1984) Breeding, selection and the genetics of salt-tolerance. In Salinity Tolerance in Plants, R.C. Staples and G.A. Toeniessen, eds. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 232–253.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, N.K., A.K. Handa, P.M. Hasegawa, and R.A. Bressan (1985) Proteins associated with adaptation of cultured cells to NaCl. Plant Physiol. 79: 126–137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tal, M. (1985) Genetics of salt-tolerance in higher plants: Theoretical and practical considerations. Plant and Soil 89: 199–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Thompson, W.F., and M.G. Murray (1981) The nuclear genome: Structure and function. In The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 6. Proteins and Nucleic Acids, P.K. Stumpf and E.E. Conn, eds. Academic Press, Inc., New York, pp. 1–81.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tyagi, A.K., A. Rashid, and S.C. Maheshwari (1981) Sodium chloride resistant cell line from haploid Datura innoxia Mill: A resistance trait carried from cell to plantlet and vice versa in vitro. Protoplasma 105: 327–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subbanaidu Ramagopal
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of AgricultureAgricultural Research ServiceAieaUSA

Personalised recommendations