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Ultrasonic Phase Tomography for Medical Applications

  • J. A. Berry
  • H. W. Jones
  • M. Mieszkowski
Part of the Acoustical Imaging book series (ACIM, volume 15)

Abstract

In an earlier paper, we presented the data to be expected from tomographic experiments on a phantom. The phantom contained elements with two different sound velocities. The numerical study made three different assumptions. The first being based on simple ray tracing, the second using straight paths between transmitter and receiver and the third using a diffraction solution using the Rytov approximation. None of these approaches models the situation exactly. The ray tracing neglects scattering and diffraction effects; the straight line path neglects refraction as well those previously mentioned. The diffraction solution assumes a large area coherent wavefront incident on the object being evaluated; a wavefront which it is not practically possible to produce.

This paper reports experimental measurements on a phantom nearly identical to that assumed in the numerical studies referred to earlier. The accuracy with which the various models fit the data is commented on and an empirical hybrid model which more accurately represents the situation is presented.

Keywords

Tomographic Reconstruction Flight Data High Order Equation Digital Sampling Straight Line Path 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    V. A. Del Grosso, Remarks on Absolute Sound Speed Measurements in Water, JASA, 45, pp. 1287, 1969.Google Scholar
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    S. A. Goss, R. J. Johnson and F. Dunn, Comprehensive Compilation of Empirical Ultrasonic Properties of Mammalian Tissue, JASA, Vol. 64, pp. 423, 1978.Google Scholar
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    R. C. Chivers and R. J. Parry, Ultrasonic Velocity and Attenuation in Mammalian Tissues, JASA, Vol. 63, pp. 940, 1978.Google Scholar
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    G. Wade, R. K. Mueller and M. Kaveh, Proc. IFIPTC4 Working Conference on Computer Aided Tomography and Ultrasonics in Medicine (Edited by Raviv, Greenleaf and Herman), pp. 165–215, North Holland Publishing Company, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, Pergamon Press, 3rd ed., p. 453.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Berry
    • 1
  • H. W. Jones
    • 1
  • M. Mieszkowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Engineering Physics DepartmentTechnical University of N.S.HalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentDalhousie Univ.HalifaxCanada

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