Physicists Explore Human and Artificial Intelligence

  • J. Buhmann
  • R. Divko
  • H. Ritter
  • K. Schulten


The foundation of modern brain theory1 is based on the epochal work of the physiologist Sherrington and the anatomist Cajal at the beginning of the twentieth century. Both established the modern view of neural networks as heterogeneous systems composed of single subunits, the neurons. They rejected the theory of Golgi and others that the brain is a continuous net of axons and neurons. Sherrington investigated the electrical firing of neurons and introduced the terminus “synapse” for the connection between the individual neurons. These ideas which drove away the animal ghosts of the continuum theory have been spectacularly confirmed half a century later by electron microscopy photographs of neurons and synapses.


Synaptic Strength Excited Neuron Spike Rate Neuronal Group Brain Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Buhmann
    • 1
  • R. Divko
    • 1
  • H. Ritter
    • 1
  • K. Schulten
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Physik-Department TechnischeUniversität MünchenGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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