Menstrual Symptoms and Menstrual Beliefs: National and Cross-National Patterns
The purpose of this paper is to provide a broad comparative perspective within which menstrual beliefs and menstrual-related symptoms may be considered. Until very recently, there has been a serious bias in the kinds of questions researchers asked about the event of menstruation in Western countries compared to non-Western cultures. In the West, the focus has been almost completely on the psychological and biomedical aspects of the menstrual cycle, most notably the variety of symptoms reported just prior to and during the menses. In non-Western cultures, however, researchers customarily document beliefs and practices pertaining to menstruating women.
KeywordsMenstrual Cycle Mood Change Menstrual Bleeding Physical Discomfort High Caste
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