Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase and Biotin-containing Proteins in Carrot Somatic Embryogenesis

  • Basil J. Nikolau
  • J. Croxdale
  • T. H. Ulrich
  • E. S. Wurtele


Somatic embryogenesis in carrots is induced by transferring carrot cultures from a maintenance medium (containing the auxin 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D)) into an inductive medium lacking the auxin 2, 4-D1. In maintenance medium, the culture contains embryogenically incompetent cells and embryogenic cell clusters. Embryogenically incompetent cells are typically large and highly vacuolated and divide but do not undergo somatic embryogenesis in our inductive medium. The embryogenic clusters are composed of 5–15 small, cytoplasmically rich cells which, upon induction, undergo the process of somatic embryogenesis, developing sequentially through globular, heart, torpedo and germinating embryo stages.


Somatic Embryogenesis Inductive Medium Maintenance Medium Globular Embryo Maintenance Culture 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basil J. Nikolau
    • 1
  • J. Croxdale
    • 2
  • T. H. Ulrich
    • 1
  • E. S. Wurtele
    • 1
  1. 1.NPISalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Botany Dept.University of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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