Lipid Precursors in Plant Cells: The Problem of Acetyl CoA Generation for Plastid Fatty Acid Synthesis

  • Bodo Liedvogel


In terms of compartmentation the generation of acetyl CoA and isopentenyl pyrophosphate which are the precursors of the lipophilic domains of lipid molecules in plants is not finally understood. For this reason this topic is debated rather controversially in the literature (for review see ref. 1). The problem of generation and compartmentation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate will be dealt with in a separate contribution (H. Kleinig, this vol.). The point in question here is the intraplastid acetyl CoA formation for fatty acid synthesis.


Fatty Acid Synthesis Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Acetate Anion Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate Mustard Seedling 
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  1. 1.
    B. Liedvogel, Acetyl coenzyme A and isopentenylpyrophosphate as lipid precursors in plant cells — biosynthesis and compartmentation, J. Plant Physiol. 214: 211 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P.K. Stumpf, Fatty acid biosynthesis in higher plants, in: “Fatty Acid Metabolism and Its Regulation”, S. Numa, ed., Elsevier, Amstirdam (1984).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Liedvogel, Acetate concentration and chloroplast pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in Spinacia oleracea leaf cells, Z. Naturforsch. 40c: 182 (1985).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Liedvogel and R. Bäuerle, Fatty acid synthesis in chloroplasts from mustard (Sinapis alba L.) cotyledons: Formation of acetyl coenzyme A by intraplastid glycolytic enzymes and pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, Planta (submitted).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Liedvogel, A new radiochemical method for determination of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, Anal. Biochem. 148: 182 (1985).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bodo Liedvogel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biologie II, ZellbiologieAlbert-Ludwigs-UniversitätFreiburg i.Br.Germany

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