Advertisement

Factors Contributing to Use-Effectiveness

  • Jacqueline D. Forrest

Abstract

A major contribution of Dr. Christopher Tietze to the evaluation of contraceptive methods was in the area of application of life-table methodology to study contraceptive effectiveness. Potter (1966) was the first to propose using life tables to calculate the risk of becoming pregnant over a certain time period of use. This was a great improvement over the use of the then commonly used Pearl Index (1932) which produced a measure of effectiveness that did not control for duration of use.

Keywords

Life Table Contraceptive Method Unintended Pregnancy Fertility Control Pregnancy Intention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Burnhill, M. Intrauterine contraception. In S. Corson, R. Derman, L. Tyrer, eds., Fertility Control. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. Fraser, I. S., Jansen, R. P. Why do inadvertent pregnancies occur in oral contraceptive users? Effectiveness of oral contraceptive regimens and interfering factors. Contraception 27:531, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Johnson, V., Masters, W., K. C. Lewis. The physiology of intravaginal contraceptive failure. In M. S. Calderone, ed., Manual of Family Planning and Contraceptive Practice. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1970.Google Scholar
  4. Grady, W. R., Hirsch, M. B., Keen, N., Vaughan, B. Contraceptive failure and continuation among married women in the United States, 1970—1975. Studies in Family Planning 14:9, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Keith, L. F., Berger, G. S., Jackson, M. A. Foams, creams, and suppositories. In S. Corson, R. Derman, L. Tyler, eds., Fertility Control. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Massachusetts, 1985.Google Scholar
  6. Ketting, E., Leseman, P. Abortus en anticonceptie 1983/84. Stimezo-onderzock, 1986.Google Scholar
  7. Kisker, E. E. Teenagers talk about sex, pregnancy and contraception. Family Planning Perspectives 17:83, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Korteling, W., Cantel, S. “Dutch study confirms monophasic as most reliable pill.” News and Views, published by Organon International at the Third Annual Meeting of The Society for the Advancement of Contraception in Bordeaux, France, September 1985.Google Scholar
  9. Liskin, L., Fox, G. IUDs: an appropriate contraceptive for many women. Population Reports Series B, No. 4, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. Orme, M. L., Back, D. F., Breckenridge, A. M. Drug interactions with oral contraceptive steroids. British Journal of Family Planning 10:19, 1984.Google Scholar
  11. Orr, M. T. Private physicians and the provision of contraceptives to adolescents. Family Planning Perspectives 16:83, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Orr, M. T., Forrest, J. D. The availability of reproductive health services from U.S. private physicians. Family Planning Perspectives 17:63, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pearl, R. Contraception and fertility in 2,000 women. Human Biology iv:363, 1932.Google Scholar
  14. Potter, R. G. Application of life table technique to measurement of contraceptive effectiveness. Demography iii:297, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tietze, C., Lewit, S. Statistical evaluation of contraceptive methods: Use-effectiveness and extended use-effectiveness. Demography 5:931, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schirm, A. L., Trussell, J., Menken, J., Grady, W. R. Contraceptive failure in the United States: The impact of social, economic and demographic factors. Family Planning Perspectives 15:68, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Simon, P., Hakkou, F., Warot, D. Influence de certains medicaments sur les differents procedes de contraception. Contraception, Fertilite, Sexualite 12:479, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Soderstrom, R. Sterilization failures and their causes. Unpublished, 1984.Google Scholar
  19. Vessey, M., Lawless, M., Yeates, D. Efficacy of different contraceptive methods. Lancet 1:841, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wiley, A. T. The diaphragm. In S. Corson, R. Derman, L. Tyrer, eds., Fertility Control. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Massachusetts, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline D. Forrest
    • 1
  1. 1.The Alan Guttmacher InstituteNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations