Imaging and Creating Alternative Environments with Children

  • Carol Baldassari
  • Sheila Lehman
  • Maxine Wolfe


The Children Creating Alternative Futures project began in 1981 when a group of us with diverse professional experience, technical skills, and academic backgrounds initiated an environmentally focused, action-research process for children.


Classroom Teacher Tape Recorder School Staff Urban Renewal Neighborhood Change 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Boulding, E. Children’s rights and the wheel of life. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1979.Google Scholar
  2. Boulding, E. Learning about the future. Bulletin of Peace, Proposals,1981, (Feb.), 173–177Google Scholar
  3. Boulding, E. Familia faber: The family as maker of the future. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1983, 45 (2), 257–266.Google Scholar
  4. Bronfenbrenner, U. The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA, and London: Harvard University Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. Chombart de Lauwe, P. H. Appropriation of space and social change. In P. K. Serfaty (Ed.), Appropriation of space. Strasbourg, France: Institut Louis Pasteur, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. Cobb, E. The ecology of imagination in childhood. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. Craddock, K. Council tenants’ participation in housing management. London: Association of London Housing Estates, 1975.Google Scholar
  8. Freire, P. Pedagogy of the oppressed. [Trans. by M. Ramos.] New York: Herder and Herder, 1970.Google Scholar
  9. Freire, P. Education for critical consciousness. [Trans. by M. Ramos.] New York: Continuum, 1973.Google Scholar
  10. Goodman, P., and Goodman, P. Communitas. New York: Random House, 1947.Google Scholar
  11. Guba, E. G., and Lincoln, Y. S. Effective evaluation: Improving the usefulness of evaluation results through responsive and naturalistic approaches. New York: Jossey-Bass, 1981Google Scholar
  12. Habermas, J. Toward a rational society. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  13. Habermas, J. Knowledge and human interest. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  14. Kassam, Y., and Mustafa, K. (Eds.). Participatory research: An emerging alternative methodology in social science research. Toronto: Participatory Research Group, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. Kassam, Y., and Mustafa, K. (Eds.). Annotated bibliography on participatory research and popular education. Toronto: Participatory Research Group, 1982.Google Scholar
  16. Kohl, H. R. The open classroom: A practical guide to a new way of teaching. New York: New York Review, 1969.Google Scholar
  17. Lewin, K. Frontiers in group dynamics. Channel of group life: Social planning and action research. Human Relations, 1947, 1, 143–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lewin, K. Resolving social conflicts: Selected papers on group dynamics. New York: Harper, 1951Google Scholar
  19. Lewin, K. Field theory in social science: Selected theoretical papers. New York: Harper, 1951Google Scholar
  20. Masini, E. B. Human development and childhood. Unpublished paper prepared for the Human Development Meeting, UNU, Bariloche, Argentina, 1980Google Scholar
  21. Masini, E. B. Women and children as builders of the future. Unpublished, 1980. (b) Nicolson, S. Children as planners. Bulletin of Environmental Education, April, 1974.Google Scholar
  22. Nicolson, S. Children imagining futures. Alternative Futures: The Journal of Utopian Studies, Summer, 1979.Google Scholar
  23. Polak, F. L. The Image of the future (Vols 1 and 2). New York: Oceana Publications, 1961Google Scholar
  24. Reissman, F., and Miller, S. M. (Eds.). Participation, culture and personality. Journal of Social Issues,1949, 5(1), 2–55.Google Scholar
  25. Rivlin, L. G., and Wolfe, M. Institutional settings in children’s lives. New York: Wiley, 1985Google Scholar
  26. Seltiz, C., and Wormser, M. H. (Eds.). Community self-surveys: An approach to social change. Journal of Social Issues,1949, 5(2), 2–65.Google Scholar
  27. Singer, J. Navigating the stream of consciousness: Research in day-dreaming and related inner experience. American Psychologist, 1975, 30, 727–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stone, F. A. Action research: A qualitative approach to educational studies. Multicultural Research Guides Series, No. 5. Storrs, CT: I. N. Thut World Center, 1980.Google Scholar
  29. Vygotsky, L. S. Thought and language, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vygotsky, L. S. Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge: MA: Harvard University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  31. Ward, C., and Fyson, A. Streetwork: The exploding school. London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.Google Scholar
  32. Wooley, T. The politics of intervention. In J. Cowley, A. Kaye, M. Mayo, and M. Thompson (Eds.), Community or class struggle. London: Stage 1, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Baldassari
    • 1
  • Sheila Lehman
    • 1
  • Maxine Wolfe
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Psychology Program, Graduate CenterCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations