Some Perspectives on Ecological Modeling Focused on Upper Ocean Processes

  • Daniel Kamykowski
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 17)


Biological processes clearly affect the often complex distributions of many chemical elements in the ocean. The biological processes, in turn, are inherently intricate and are variable in time and space due to environmental dependencies. Modeling provides a mechanism by which complex biological-environmental interactions can be studied. This potential is evident in the progress exhibited in the construction of biological-physical subsystem models in the last decade. Future progress in these models depends on an increased understanding of how the vertical motion affects the environmental exposure of plankton and on improved capabilities of real time and space biological parameterization. From the present perspective, the latter includes not only small scale responses due to planktonic physiology and behavior but also geographic differences in oceanographic conditions. Biologically oriented subsystem models provide a powerful tool when closely coupled with laboratory and field efforts that can contribute significantly to the elucidation of upper ocean chemistry.


Internal Wave Silicic Acid Swimming Speed Internal Tide Subjective Contour 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Kamykowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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