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The Cholinergic Ligand Binding Material of Axonal Membranes

  • H. G. Mautner
  • J. E. Jumblatt
  • R. Coronado
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 30)

Abstract

Evidence has accumulated that acetylcholine (ACh) might play a role in axonal as well as in synaptic membranes. The postulate of Nachmansohn (23) that ACh triggers axonal as well as synaptic permeability changes has been a subject of controversy. However, cholinergic agonists and antagonists affect conduction at the nodes of Ranvier where permeability barriers to quaternary ammonium compounds are minimal (4, 12). Furthermore, choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase, the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and the hydrolysis of ACh, are present in nerve fibers. Also, in crustacean peripheral nerves release of ACh from cut nerve fibers could be demonstrated (13). Moreover, Denburg and his coworkers (10, 11) have prepared closed membrane vesicles from lobster walking leg nerve plasma membrane, and have demonstrated saturable binding of cholinergic agonists and antagonists to such membranes. Our laboratory has thus been engaged in studying this “axonal cholinergic binding material,” and in elucidating its functions.

Keywords

Quaternary Ammonium Compound Synaptic Membrane Cholinergic Agonist Axonal Membrane Planar Bilayer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Mautner
    • 1
  • J. E. Jumblatt
    • 1
  • R. Coronado
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and PharmacologyTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Section of Biochemistry, Molecular and Cell BiologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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