A Summary—and a Look Ahead

  • John Cairns
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 39)


As several chapters have pointed out, the principle behind much of cancer research and the principle underlying this Volume rests on the observation that each of the major forms of cancer is common in some parts of the world yet rare in others. Furthermore, it is plain from studies of migrants that these differences reflect the operation of environmental factors. Although there are genetic factors that affect cancer rates, these are not all-important: despite our genes, each of us could significantly reduce our risk of getting cancer if we really knew how it is that the Mormons, the Seventh Day Adventists, and the Protestant clergymen of the United States manage to drop their risk by almost a factor of two. That is the target of many investigations and is part of the stimulus for holding a conference on antimutagenesis and anticarcinogenesis.


Dental Caries Childhood Leukemia Ames Test Historic Precedent Base Analog 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Cairns
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cancer BiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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