The Results of Long-Term Field Studies on Acoustic Traumata in Military Personnel

  • Friedrich Pfander
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 111)


In the Federal Republic of Germany, a criterion of exposure limits has been developed on the basis of pre- and post- audiometric results obtained from soldiers participating in firing practice and field studies. The data base has over 10,000 audiometric studies from various field studies, each involving 100 soldiers and the exposures were to many different types of weapons (Fig. 1).


Hearing Loss Recovery Time Military Personnel Impulse Noise Hearing Ability 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Pfander
    • 1
  1. 1.Research CommissionFRG Medical and Health ServicesBremenGermany

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