Can TTS be an Indicator for Individual Susceptibility to PTS?

  • Karl Buck
  • R. Franke
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 111)


It has long been agreed that there would be great interest in finding a test which predicts individual susceptibility to permanent threshold shift (PTS). Such tests would allow identification of people who are most likely to develop a noise-induced hearing loss in high noise areas and thereby reduce the number of people who suffer hearing impairment (and save much in compensation costs). Twenty years ago, Ward [1] analyzed about 20 proposed tests of individual susceptibility, and found none of them good enough to be useful.


Hearing Loss Recovery Time Individual Susceptibility Noise Exposure Scatter Diagram 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W. D. Ward, The concept of susceptibility, J. Occup. Med. 7:595 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Howell, “Susceptibility to Noise-Induced Hearing Loss,” ISVR Contract Report No. 82/20, London (1982).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Bonaccorsi, U colore dell’iride cone ‘test’ di valutazione quantitativa, nell’ nemo della concentratione di melamina nella striavasculare, Annali. Lar. Otol. Rhinol. Fraing. 64:725 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Jansen, Relation between temporary threshold shift and peripheral circulatory effects of sound, in: “Physiological Effect of Noise,” Welch and Welch (ed.), Plenum, New York (1970).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Rosen, D. Plester, A. El-Mofty, and H. V. Rosen, Relation of hearing loss to cardiovascular disease, Trans. Am. Acad. Ophthalmol. Otolaryngol. 68:433 (1964).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. H. Carhart, Updating special hearing tests in otological diagnosis, Arch. Otolaryngol. 97:88 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. E. Humes, D. M. Schwartz and F. H. Bess, The threshold of octave masking (TOM) as a predictor of susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss, J. Audit. Res. 17:5 (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. R. Bienvenue, J. R. Violin-Singer and P. L. Michael, Loudness discrimination index (LDI): A test for early detection of noise susceptible individuals, Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 38:333 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. B. Pederson, Brief tone audiometrie in patients with acoustic trauma, Acta Otolaryngol. (Stockholm) 75:332 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. B. Pederson, Brief tone audiometrie, Scand. Audiol. 5:27 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. E. Humes, Review of four new indices of susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss,” J. Occup. Med. 19:116 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. Hohansson, B. Kylin and M. Langfy, Acoustic reflex as a test of individual susceptibility to noise, Acta Otolaryngol. 64:256 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Temkin, Die schaedigung des ohres durch laerm und erschuetterung, Mschr. Ohrenheilk. und Laryngo-Rhinologie, 67 (1933).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Burns and D. W. Robinson, Hearing and Noise in Industry, HMSO, London (1970).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Richartz, Untersuchungen zur individuellen laermempfindlichkeit bein menschen, Dissertation, Technische Universitaet, Dresden (1976).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    W. Kraak, Integration of TTS for permanent threshold shift, in: “Noise as a Public Health Problem,” American Speech and Hearing Associated Report No. 10 (1980).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Kraak, Investigations on criteria for the risk of hearing loss due to noise, in: “Hearing Research and Theory,” Vol. 1. J. V. Tobias and E. D. Shubert, eds. Academic Press, New York (1981).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. D. Kryter, W. D. Ward, J. D. Miller and D. H. Eldrege, Hazardous exposure to intermittent and steady-state noise, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 39:451 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Glorig, W. D. Ward, J. Nixon, Damage-risk criteria and noise-induced hearing loss, in: “The Control of Noise: NPL Symposium Number 12,” HMSO, London (1962).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. Kylin, Temporary threshold shift and auditory trauma following exposure to steady-state noise, Acta Oto-Laryngol. Suppl. 152:1 (1960).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. C. Nixon, A. Glorig, Noise-induced permanent threshold shift at 2000 cps and 4000 cps, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 33:901 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. E. Rosenwinkel and K. C. Steward, The relationship of hearing loss to steady-state noise exposure, Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. Quart. 18:117 (1957).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Rudmose, Hearing loss resulting from noise exposure, in: “Handbook of Noise Control,” C. M. Harris, ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York (1957).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. F. Jerger and R. Carhart, Temporary threshold shift as an index of noise susceptibility, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 28:611 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Pfander, Hoehe der temporaeren Schwellenabwanderung (TTS) in audiogramm und ‘rueckwanderungszeit’ geraeuschund knallbelasteter ohren als test knallgefaerdeter hoerorgane, Arch. Ohr.-Nas.-u. Kehlk.-Heilk. 191:586 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Dallos, “The Auditory Periphery,” Academic Press, New York (1973).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. Franke, K. Buck, F. Devriere, “Essai d’utilisation de la fatigue auditive comme indicateur de la susceptibilite individuelle au trauma acoustique. Etude chez le cobaue.” R 118/84 French-German Research Institute F-68301 Saint-Louis, FRANCE (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl Buck
    • 1
  • R. Franke
    • 1
  1. 1.Franco-German Research Institute of Saint LouisSt. LouisFrance

Personalised recommendations