The Relationship Between Speech Perception and Psychoacoustical Measurements in Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Subjects

  • Richard S. Tyler
  • Nancy Tye-Murray
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 111)


One of the most devastating effects of noise exposure is the potential loss in speech recognition abilities. While individuals with noise-induced hearing losses can detect speech, they often cannot discriminate its message (particularly when there is competing background noise). This often leads to frustration and communication breakdown.


Hearing Loss Word Recognition Speech Perception Noise Exposure Temporal Integration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. D. Hood, A comparative study of loudness recruitment in cases of deafness due to Menieres disease, head injury and acoustic trauma, Acta Oto-Rhino-Laryngol. Belg. 14:224 (1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Owens, Tone decay in VIIIth nerve and cochlear lesions, J. Speech Hear. Pis. 29:14 (1964).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Palva, A. Karja, and A. Palva, Auditory adaptation at threshold intensities, Acta Otolaryngol. Suppl. 224:195 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. D. Dirks, D. E. Morgan, and D. A. Bray, Perstimulatory loudness adaptation in selected cochlear impaired and masked normal listeners, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 56:554 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. L. Wiley, D. J. Lilly, and A. M. Small, Loudness adaptation in listeners with noise-induced hearing loss, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 59:225 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. D. Ward, R. E. Fleer, and A. Glorig, Characteristics of hearing losses produced by gunfire and by steady noise, J. Aud. Res. 1:325 (1961).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. O. Olsen, D. E. Rose, and D. Noffsinger, Brief-tone audiometry with normal, cochlear, and eighth nerve tumor patients, Arch. Otolaryngol. 99:185 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. B. Pedersen, Brief-tone audiometry, Scand. Audiol. 5:27 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Fasti, and K. Schorn, Discrimination of level differences by hearing-impaired patients, Audiology 20:488 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Zwicker, and K. Schorn, Psychoacoustical tuning curves in audiology, Audiology 17:120 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Florentine, S. Buus, B. Scharf, and E. Zwicker, Frequency selectivity in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired observers, J. Speech Hear. Res. 23:646 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. S. Tyler, M. Fernandes, and E. J. Wood, Masking, temporal integration and speech intelligibility in individuals with noise-induced hearing loss, in: “Disorders of Auditory Function III,” I. Taylor and A. Markides, eds., Academic Press, New York (1980).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. S. Tyler, E. J. Wood, and M. Fernandes, Frequency resolution and hearing loss, British J. Audiol. 16:45 (1982b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. O. Olsen, D. Noffsinger, and R. Carhart, Masking level differences encountered in clinical populations, Audiology 15:287 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. E. Humes, D. M. Schwartz, and F. H. Bess, Two experiments on subtle midfrequency hearing loss and its influence on word discrimination in noise-exposed listeners, Audiology 18:307 (1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. A. Turner, and D. A. Nelson, Frequency discrimination in regions of normal and impaired sensitivity, J. Speech Hear. Res. 25:34 (1982).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. C. Findlay, Auditory dysfunction accompanying noise-induced hearing loss, J. Speech Hear. Pis. 41:374 (1976).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Komovic, Auditory temporal integration in subjects with cochlear pathology due to noise exposure, unpublished master’s thesis, University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. E. Lindeman, Relation between audiological findings and complaints by persons suffering from noise-induced hearing loss, Amer. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. 32:447 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Plath, Signal perception in noise induced hearing loss, Acustica 29:47 (1973).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Niemeyer, Speech discrimination in noise-induced deafness, Int. Audiol. 6:42 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. H. Suter, The ability of mildly hearing-impaired individuals to discriminate speech in noise, EPA Report NO. 550/9-78-100, AMRL Report No. TR-78-4, Washington, D.C.: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency; Ohio: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory (1978).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. J. Oyer, and M. Doudna, Structural analysis of word responses made by hard of hearing subjects on a discrimination test, AMA Arch. Otolaryngol. 70:357 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. C. Schultz, Suggested improvements in speech discrimination testing, J. Aud. Res. 4:1 (1964).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. S. Tyler, A. Q. Summerfield, E. J. Wood, and M. A. Fernandes, Psychoacoustic and phonetic temporal processing in normal and hearing-impaired listeners, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 72:740 (1982a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. A. Dreschler, and R. Plomp, Relation between psychophysical data and speech perception for hearing-impaired subjects I., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 68:1608 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. S. Tyler, E. J. Wood, and M. Fernandes, Frequency resolution and discrimination of constant and dynamic tones in normal and hearing-impaired listeners, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74:1190 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. M. Festen, and R. Plomp, Relations between auditory functions in impaired hearing, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 73:652 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. G. Stelmachowicz, W. Jesteadt, M. P. Gorga, and J. Mott, Speech perception ability and psychophysical tuning curves in hearing-impaired listeners, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 77:620 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. R. Duffy, J. Watt, and R. J. Duffy, Tutorial Path analysis: A strategy for investigating multivariate causal relationships in communication disorders, J. Speech Hear. Res. 24:474 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard S. Tyler
    • 1
  • Nancy Tye-Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery Department of Speech Pathology and AudiologyThe University of IowaIowa CityUSA

Personalised recommendations