Changes in Auditory Threshold During and after Long Duration Noise Exposure: Species Differences
Because noise exposure causes physiological changes within the cochlea which cannot be investigated directly in humans, animal models must be used to study the effects of noise on human hearing. However, in choosing an animal model, one must be aware of species differences in the reaction of the cochlea to noise exposure. These differences are reflected in the behavioral temporary threshold shifts (TTS) which result from the noise exposure.
KeywordsHearing Loss Squirrel Monkey Noise Exposure World Monkey Threshold Shift
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.G. Von Bismarck, “The sound pressure transformation from free-field to the eardrum of chinchilla,” Master Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1967).Google Scholar
- 3.J. J. Zwislocki, The role of the external and middle ear in sound transmission, in: “The Nervous System, Vol, 3: Human Communication and its Disorders,” D. B. Tower, ed., Raven Press, New York (1975).Google Scholar
- 4.H. M. Carder and J. D. Miller, Temporary threshold shifts from prolonged exposure to noise, J. Speech Hear. Res., 15:603 (1972).Google Scholar
- 5.H. M. Melnick and M. Maves, Asmptotic threshold shift (ATS) in man from 24-hour exposure to continuous noise, Ann. Oto. Rhinol. Laryngol., 83:824 (1974).Google Scholar
- 8.D. W. Nielsen, Asymptotic threshold shift in the squirrel monkey, in: “New Perspectives on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss,” R. P. Hamernik, D. Henderson, and R. J. Salvi, eds., Raven Press, New York (1982).Google Scholar
- 10.D. B. Moody, W. C. Stebbins, L. G. Johnsson and J. E. Hawkins, Jr., Noise-induced hearing loss in the monkey, in: “Effects of Noise on Hearing,” D. Henderson, R. P. Hamernik, D. S. Dosanjh, and J. H. Mills, eds., Raven Press, New York (1976).Google Scholar
- 12.D. B. Moody and W. C. Stebbins, Personal communication.Google Scholar
- 13.J. H. Mills and E. F. Elkins, Noise-induced hearing loss: State-of-the-art., Am. Speech-Hear-Lang. Assoc., 26(10):60 (1984).Google Scholar