Changes in Auditory Threshold During and after Long Duration Noise Exposure: Species Differences

  • Donald W. Nielsen
  • Mary Jane Bauman
  • Diane K. Brandt
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 111)


Because noise exposure causes physiological changes within the cochlea which cannot be investigated directly in humans, animal models must be used to study the effects of noise on human hearing. However, in choosing an animal model, one must be aware of species differences in the reaction of the cochlea to noise exposure. These differences are reflected in the behavioral temporary threshold shifts (TTS) which result from the noise exposure.


Hearing Loss Squirrel Monkey Noise Exposure World Monkey Threshold Shift 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. D. Miller, Audibility curve of the chinchilla, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 48:513 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Von Bismarck, “The sound pressure transformation from free-field to the eardrum of chinchilla,” Master Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1967).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. J. Zwislocki, The role of the external and middle ear in sound transmission, in: “The Nervous System, Vol, 3: Human Communication and its Disorders,” D. B. Tower, ed., Raven Press, New York (1975).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. M. Carder and J. D. Miller, Temporary threshold shifts from prolonged exposure to noise, J. Speech Hear. Res., 15:603 (1972).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. M. Melnick and M. Maves, Asmptotic threshold shift (ATS) in man from 24-hour exposure to continuous noise, Ann. Oto. Rhinol. Laryngol., 83:824 (1974).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. H. Mills, R. M. Gilbert and W. Y. Adkins, Temporary threshold shifts in humans exposed to octave levels of noise for 16 to 24 hours, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 65:1238 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. R. Stephensen, C. W. Nixon and D. L. Johnson, Growth and recovery of temporary threshold shift from 24 hour continuous, 48 hour continuous, and 48 hour intermittent noise exposure, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Supple., 65:1238 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. W. Nielsen, Asymptotic threshold shift in the squirrel monkey, in: “New Perspectives on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss,” R. P. Hamernik, D. Henderson, and R. J. Salvi, eds., Raven Press, New York (1982).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. W. Nielsen, J. Burnham and C. Talley, Squirrel monkey temporary threshold shift from 48 hour exposures to low frequency noise, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 64(2):478 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. B. Moody, W. C. Stebbins, L. G. Johnsson and J. E. Hawkins, Jr., Noise-induced hearing loss in the monkey, in: “Effects of Noise on Hearing,” D. Henderson, R. P. Hamernik, D. S. Dosanjh, and J. H. Mills, eds., Raven Press, New York (1976).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. T. Schieb, W. C. Stebbins and D. B. Moody, Temporary threshold shifts in non-human primates resulting from chronic exposure to a 2-kHz octave band of noise, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl., 57:S41 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. B. Moody and W. C. Stebbins, Personal communication.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. H. Mills and E. F. Elkins, Noise-induced hearing loss: State-of-the-art., Am. Speech-Hear-Lang. Assoc., 26(10):60 (1984).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. W. Nielsen, L. Franseen and D. Fowler, The effects of interruption on squirrel monkey temporary threshold shifts to a 96 hour noise exposure, Audiology 23:297 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald W. Nielsen
    • 1
  • Mary Jane Bauman
    • 1
  • Diane K. Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Otological Research LaboratoriesHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA

Personalised recommendations