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Brain Peptides and the Control of Eating Behavior

  • Sarah Fryer Leibowitz
  • B. Glenn Stanley
Part of the GWUMC Department of Biochemistry Annual Spring Symposia book series (GWUN)

Abstract

Our understanding of brain function has been dramatically enhanced by the discovery of endogenous brain peptides and by subsequent evidence for their role as neuro-transmitters, neuromodulators, and neurohormones (Krieger, 1983; Palkovits and Brownstein, 1985). This review focuses on an area of research that has benefited greatly from these discoveries, namely, the neurochemistry of eating behavior. Research conducted in this field during the past two decades has clearly demonstrated that food intake is controlled via multiple neurotransmitters in the brain, which are responsive to a complex array of metabolic, hormonal, and neural signals. Initially, the focus of this research was on the brain monoamines, which are now believed to have a critical and diverse role in the normal control of food ingestion (Leibowitz, 1980, 1985, 1986a). More recently, however, significant advances have been made with the brain peptides, which also have an important function in feeding, in part through their interaction with the endogenous monoaminergic system (Morley et al., 1983, 1985; Leibowitz, 1985, 1986a,b).

Keywords

Opioid Peptide Paraventricular Nucleus Lateral Hypothalamus Pancreatic Polypeptide Behavioral Specificity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Fryer Leibowitz
    • 1
  • B. Glenn Stanley
    • 1
  1. 1.The Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA

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