• Kenneth Dickie


Drowning is the flooding of the living, intact airway with a liquid. It commonly occurs in healthy persons by accidental aspiration of fresh, brackish, or seawater, during recreational activities. If the process results in death, the person is said to be “drowned,” or if interrupted prior to death, “near-drowned,” hence the term “near-drowning.”


Intragastric Balloon Smoke Inhalation Measure Respiratory Rate Permeability Pulmonary Edema Measure Serum Sodium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Harries MG: Drowning in man. Crit Care Med 9:407–408, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Modell JH: Pathophysiology and Treatment of Drowning and Near-Drowning. Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas, 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pfenninger J, Sutter M: Intensive care after fresh water immersion accidents in children. Anaesthesia 37:1157–1162, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Redding JS: Drowning and near-drowning. Can the victim be saved? Postgrad Med 74:85–97, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tabeling BB, Modell JH: Fluid administration increases oxygen delivery during continuous positive pressure ventilation after fresh water near-drowning. Crit Care Med 11:693–696, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brain Resusitation Clinical Trial I Study Group: Randomized clinical study of thiopental loading in comatose survivers of cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med 314:397–402, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Dickie
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary Diseases and AllergyGeorge Washington University School of Medicine and Health SciencesUSA
  2. 2.Veterans Administration Medical CenterUSA

Personalised recommendations