A vast number of chemicals may cause acute injury and disease when inhaled. This may be the result of direct injury to the respiratory tract or secondary to the accumulation of toxic levels in the blood after absorption through the respiratory portal of entry. Such chemicals are encountered in a wide variety of occupational, avocational, and accidental settings (Table 1). Any acute injury or disease produced will be determined by the specific chemical properties of the gas or combination of gases inhaled, the presence or absence of particulate materials, the concentration of the toxic substances(s), the conditions of exposure, and the presence of underlying conditions in the exposed individual.
KeywordsPulmonary Edema Nitrogen Dioxide Hydrogen Fluoride Bronchiolitis Obliterans Smoke Inhalation
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