Extrapulmonic Ventilatory Failure

  • Ann Medinger


Ventilatory failure is a failure of the respiratory system to properly oxygenate and remove carbon dioxide from the blood. The respiratory system includes the pulmonary parenchyma (airways, alveoli, and capillary bed) and the pulmonary vessels; but it also includes the chest wall; the muscles of respiration; the nerves innervating the chest and diaphragm; the central and peripheral chemoreceptors; and the respiratory centers in the brain.


Ventilatory Failure Hypercapneic Respiratory Failure Chanical Ventilation Tick Paralysis Maximum Breathing Capacity 
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    Plum F: Breathlessness in neurologic disease; the effects of neurological disease on the act of breathing, in Howell JBL, Campbell EM J (eds): Breathlessness. Oxford, Blackwell, 1966.Google Scholar
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    Weiner WJ: Respiratory Dysfunction in Neurologic Disease. New York, Futura, 1980.Google Scholar
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    Williams MH, Skim CS: Ventilatory failure. Am J Med 48:477–483, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Medinger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary Diseases and AllergyGeorge Washington University School of Medicine and Health SciencesUSA
  2. 2.Pulmonary Function LaboratoryVeterans Administration Medical CenterUSA

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