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Ventilatory Assistance and Its Complications

  • Aram A. Arabian
  • Ann Medinger
  • Samuel V. Spagnolo

Abstract

Ventilatory emergencies occur when individuals are unable to ventilate their pulmonary gas-exchanging units adequately to meet metabolic needs. Preceding chapters have reviewed specific clinical respiratory emergencies that may require artificial mechanical ventilatory support when patients are critically ill. Whether the source of gas exchange impairment lies in airway obstruction, parenchymal infiltrate, vascular occlusion, pleural disease, or neuromuscular weakness, the final common pathway is ventilatory failure, which can be readily detected in the arterial blood gas (ABG). The PacO2 rises above 44, pH falls below 7.36, and the PaO2 falls below age-predicted or previously stable values.

Keywords

Mechanical Ventilation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Tidal Volume Tracheal Tube Chest Wall Compliance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aram A. Arabian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ann Medinger
    • 1
    • 3
  • Samuel V. Spagnolo
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary Diseases and AllergyGeorge Washington University School of Medicine and Health SciencesUSA
  2. 2.Respiratory Care, Veterans Administration Medical CenterUSA
  3. 3.Pulmonary Function LaboratoryVeterans Administration Medical CenterUSA
  4. 4.Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Allergy, Department of MedicineGeorge Washington University School of Medicine and Health SciencesUSA
  5. 5.Pulmonary Disease SectionVeterans Administration Medical CenterUSA

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