Advertisement

Toward a Semispecific, Multidimensional, Threshold Model of Maltreatment

  • Kathryn B. Sherrod
  • Susan O’Connor
  • William A. AltemeierIII
  • Peter Vietze

Abstract

Nonorganic failure to thrive (NOFT) is not well understood. Among the few points that are accepted are the idea of the severity of the problem, defined in terms of number of children affected (Altemeier, O’Connor, Sherrod & Vietze, in press) and sequelae (Hufton & Oates, 1977; White et al., 1980). One of the definitional aspects that is fairly generally accepted is that NOFT that occurs in very young infants is different from NOFT (often called psychosocial dwarfism) that occurs in toddlers or young children (Green, Campbell & David, 1984; Money, Annecillo & Kelley, 1983). Beyond that, NOFT appears to be a form of maltreatment, sometimes viewed as related to abuse or as a precursor to abuse (Koel, 1979; Oates, 1982), but more aptly viewed as a form of neglect, probably because it arises more through acts of omission than commision. However, the manner in which NOFT relates to other forms of maltreatment has not adequately been clarified or addressed thoroughly. Books giving a general overview of maltreatment invariably mention NOFT, although, unfortunately, few devote much space to it (e.g., Giovannoni & Becerra, 1979; Oates, 1982; Pelton, 1981). There are no books entirely focused on the psychological aspects of NOFT, although there are medically oriented ones (e.g. Accardo, 1982; Patton & Gardner, 1963).

Keywords

Child Abuse Random Subsample Maltreated Child Infant Temperament Maltreatment Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Accardo, P.J. (Ed.) Failure to Thrive in Infancy and Early Childhood. Baltimore: University Park Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  2. Altemeier, W.A., O’Connor, S., Vietze, P.M., Sandler, H.M., Sherrod, K.B. Antecedents of child abuse. Journal of Pediatrics, 1982, 100, 823–829.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Altemeier, W.A., O’Connor, S., Sherrod, K.B., Vietze, P.M. Prospective study of antecedents for nonorganic failure to thrive. Journal of Pediatrics, 1984, 106, 360–365a.Google Scholar
  4. Altemeier, W.A., O’Connor, S., Vietze, P.M., Sandler, H.M., Sherrod, K.B. Prediction of child abuse: A prospective study of feasibility. Child Abuse and Neglect, 1984, 8, 393–400b.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Altemeier, W.A., Vietze, P.M., Sherrod, K.B., Sandler, H.M., Falsey, S., O’Connor, S. Prediction of child maltreatment during pregnancy. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1979, 18, 205–218.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baker, E., Castle, R.L., Hyman, C., Jones, C., Jones, R., Kerr, A., Mitchell, R. At Risk. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1976.Google Scholar
  7. Belsky, J. Three theoretical models of child abuse: A critical review. Child Abuse and Neglect, 1978, 2, 37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Belsky, J., Robins, E., Gamble, W. The determinants of parental competence: Toward a conceptual theory. In M. Lewis (Ed.), Beyond the Dyad. New York: Plenum, 1984.Google Scholar
  9. Benedek, T. Parenthood as a developmental phase. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 1959, 7, 389–417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bennie, E., Sclare, A. The battered child syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1969, 125, 975–979.Google Scholar
  11. Brazelton, T.B. Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. Campos, J.J., Barrett, K.C., Lamb, M.E., Goldsmith, H.H., Stenberg, C. Socioemotional development. In M.M. Haith & J.J. Campos (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology (4th Ed., Vol. I I ). New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1983.Google Scholar
  13. Carey, W.B. A simplified approach for measuring infant temperament. Journal of Pediatrics, 1970, 69, 676–682.Google Scholar
  14. Carey, W.B. Clinical applications of the Infant Temperament Measure. Journal of Pediatrics, 1972, 81, 823–831.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carey, W.B., McDevitt, S.C. Revision of the infant temperament questionnaire. Pediatrics, 1978, 61, 735–739.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. DeLissovoy, V. Child care by adolescent parents. Children Today, 1973, 35, 22–25.Google Scholar
  17. Elster, A.B., McAnarney, E.R., Lamb, M.E. Parental behavior of adolescent mothers. Pediatrics, 1983, 71, 494–503.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Fraiberg, S., Adelson, E. & Shapiro, V. Ghost in the nursery. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1975, 14, 387–421.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Giovannoni, J.M., Becerra, R.M. Defining Child Abuse. New York: The Free Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  20. Green, W.H., Campbell, M., David R. Psychosocial dwarfism: A critical review of the evidence. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1984, 23, 39–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hufton, I.W., Oates, R.K. Nonorganic failure to thrive: A long-term follow-up. Pediatrics, 1977, 59, 73–77.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Little, D.L. Parent acceptance of routine use of the Carey and McDevitt Infant Temperament Questionnaire. Pediatrics, 1983, 71, 104–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Main, M., Goldwyn, R. Predicting rejection of her infant from mother’s representation of her own experience: Implications for the abused-abusing intergenerational cycle. Child Abuse and Neglect, 1984, 8, 203–217.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Money, J., Annecillo, C., Kelley, J.F. Abuse-dwarfism syndrome: After rescue, statural and intellectual catchup growth correlate. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 1983, 12, 279–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oates, K. Child Abuse: A Community Concern. New York: Brunner Mazel, 1982.Google Scholar
  26. O’Connor, S., Vietze, P.M., Sherrod, K.B., Sandler, H.M., Altemeier, W.A. Reduced incidence of parenting inadequacy following rooming in. Pediatrics, 1980, 66, 176–182.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. O’Connor, S., Vietze, P.M. Rooming-in as a factor in reducing parenting inadequacy. In K. Oates (Ed.), Child Abuse: A Community Concern. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1982.Google Scholar
  28. Parke, R.D., Collmer, C.W. Child Abuse: An interdisciplinary analysis. Review of Child Development Research, 1975, 5, 509–590.Google Scholar
  29. Patton, B.G., Gardner, L. (Eds.) Growth Failure in Maternal Deprivation. New York: Charles C. Thomas, 1963.Google Scholar
  30. Pelton, L.H. The Social Context of Child Abuse and Neglect. New York: Human Sciences Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  31. St. Clair, K. Neonatal assessment procedures: A historical review. Child Development, 1978, 49, 280–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sherrod, K.B., O’Connor, S., Vietze, P.M., Altemeier, W.A. Child health and maltreatment. Child Development, 1984, 55, 1174–1183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Smith, S.M., Hansen, R., Noble, S. Parents of battered children: A controlled study. In A.W. Franklin (Ed.) Concerning Child Abuse. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1975.Google Scholar
  34. Spinetta, J. & Rigler, D. The child-abusing parent: A psychological review. Psychological Bulletin, 1972, 77, 296–304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Steele, B., Pollack, C. A psychiatric study of parents who abuse infants and small children. In R. Heifer, C. Kempe (Eds.) The Battered Child. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  36. Vaughan, V.C., McKay, R.J. & Nelson, W.E. Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1975.Google Scholar
  37. Werner, E.E., Smith, R.S. Vulnerable But Invincible: A Study of Resilient Children. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.Google Scholar
  38. White, J.L., Malcolm, R., Roper, K., Westphal, M.C., Smith, C. Psychosocial and developmental factors in failure to thrive: One- to three- year followup. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 1981, 2, 112–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn B. Sherrod
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Susan O’Connor
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • William A. AltemeierIII
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Peter Vietze
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Vanderbilt UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Nashville General HospitalUSA
  3. 3.National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentUSA

Personalised recommendations