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Research on the Prevention of Psychological Disorders of Infancy: A Federal Perspective

  • Morton M. Silverman
  • Victoria S. Levin

Overview

Over the last decade, there has been an increasing concern within the Federal government, the Congress, and throughout the Nation regarding the heavy human toll and economic losses associated with alcohol, drug, and mental (ADM) disorders. There has developed a growing conviction that real success can be achieved in reducing the mortality, morbidity, and economic costs associated with the ADM disorders only if we systematically apply demonstrably effective and affordable prevention programs before the onset of these disorders. In response to these developments, the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) has begun to address the numerous conceptual, methodologie, programmatic, and policy issues related to developing, implementing, evaluating and disseminating demonstrably viable strategies for reducing the incidence and prevalence of ADM disorders in the population (ADAMHA, 1984; ADAMHA, 1981).

Over the last decade, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), one of the three Institutes comprising ADAMHA, has been conducting a multifaceted program of prevention activities with two main foci: (a) to develop the field’s capacity to address the many challenges of preventive intervention research, and (b) to encourage, support, and monitor ongoing prevention research activities. This chapter places these activities within a historical and conceptual framework. The scope and impact of the Nation’s mental health problems are briefly described as a background to the need for effective preventive and promotive interventions, especially with high risk infants and children, such as those with environmentally based failure to thrive (FTT), who are the subject of this volume.

Keywords

Mental Health Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Public Health Service Prevention Research Adolescent Mother 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morton M. Silverman
    • 1
  • Victoria S. Levin
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Prevention Research Division of Prevention and Special Mental Health ProgramsNational Institute of Mental HealthUSA

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