Central Nervous System

  • Jeffrey Bisker


Evaluation of the central nervous system (brain and spine) was previously limited to plain skull films, tomography, and more invasive procedures such as pneumoencephalography, angiography, and venography. The advent of newer noninvasive imaging procedures has eliminated the pneumoencephalogram and restricted the utilization of contrast studies in many instances.


Iodinate Contrast Medium Spinal Cord Lesion Obstructive Hydrocephalus Aqueduct Stenosis Basilar Skull Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baker HL, Houser OW, Campbell JK: National Cancer Institute Study—Evaluation of CT in the diagnosis of intracranial neoplasms: Overall results. Radiology 1980;136:91–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braunstein P, et al: Cerebral death: A rapid reliable diagnostic adjunct using radioisotopes. J Nucl Med 1973;14:122.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Campbell JK, Houser OW, Stevens JC, et al: Computed tomography and radionuclide imaging in the evaluation of ischemic stroke. Radiology 1978;126:695–702.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cowan RJ, Maynard CD: Trauma to brain and extracranial structures. Semin Nucl Med 1974;4:319.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis KR, Ackerman RH, Kistler JP, et al: Computed tomography of cerebral infarction: Hemorrhagic, contrast enhancement and time of appearance. Comput Tomogr 1977; 1:71–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dreisbach JN: Duplex ultrasound evaluation of carotid disease. Clin Diag US 1984;13:69–105.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harbert JC: Radionuclide cisternography. Semin Nucl Med 1971;l:90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kendall BE, Lee BOP, Claveria E: Computerized tomography and angiography in subarachnoid hemorrhage. Br J. Radiol 1976;49:483–501.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim EE, DeLand FH, Mantebella J: Sensitivity of radionuclide brain scan and computed tomography in early detection of viral meningoen-cephalitis. Radiology 1979; 132:425–429.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lane B, Carroll BA, Pedley TA: Computerized cranial tomography in cerebral diseases of white matter. Neurology 1978;28:534–544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shankaran S, Slovis TL, Bedard MP, et al: Sonographic classification of intracranial hemorrhage. A prognostic indication of mortality, morbidity and short term neurologic outcome. J Pediatr 1982; 100:469.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zimmerman RD, Danziger A: Extracerebral trauma. Radiol Clin North Am 1982;20:105–121.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 1.
    Aubin ML, Jardin C, Bar D, et al: Computerized tomography in 32 cases of intraspinal tumor. J Neuroradiol 1979;6:81–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 2.
    Brant-Zawadzki M, Miller EM, Federle MP: CT in the evaluation of spine trauma. Am J Radiol 1981;136:369–375.Google Scholar
  15. 3.
    Haughton VM, Williams AL: Computed Tomography of the Spine. St. Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1982.Google Scholar
  16. 4.
    Kuhn JP, Berger PE: Computed tomographic diagnosis of osteomyelitis. Radiology 1979;130:502–506.Google Scholar
  17. 5.
    Williams AL, Haughton VM: Computed tomography in the diagnosis of herniated nucleus pulposus. Radiology 1980;135:95–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Bisker
    • 1
  1. 1.Humana Hospital-UniversityUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations