Insects in the Forest Environment

  • Alan A. Berryman
Part of the Population Ecology: Theory and Application book series (POPE)


We have seen that insects are a diverse and highly successful group of organisms that have evolved sophisticated morphological and behavioral adaptations for feeding on all parts of forest trees and for surviving the hazards of their environments. Trees, on the other hand, have not remained passive spectators to these assaults, having evolved equally complex defenses against insect attack. In order to understand the interactions between trees and insects, therefore, we need to spend some time studying the defensive strategies of forest trees.


Stand Density Bark Beetle Negative Feedback Loop Forest Environment Static Defense 


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References and Selected Readings

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan A. Berryman
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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