The Diagnosis of Psychopathology
Current ideas about ways of classifying mental abnormality into different diagnostic entities gradually began to assume their present form in the 19th century. These ideas were contributed by many individuals, but Kraepelin (1896) is often credited with the first modern synthesis. Details are given in several books on the history of psychiatry, such as those by Alexander and Selesnick (1966) or Zilborg (1941). Mental deficiency was eventually distinguished from mental illness, and both from behaviors defined as criminal or morally deviant. Perhaps mental illness is an inappropriate term at times, especially when the “patient” resents treatment or displays behavior that is more unconventional than deleterious to self and others. However, mental illness is not entirely the myth it was often claimed to be in the 1960s and early 1970s (Szasz, 1961).
KeywordsMental Illness Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Disorder Gender Identity
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