Some patterns of drug self-administration harm the user or other individuals without producing offsetting therapeutic or other benefit. The harm may involve direct physical damage, as when chronic high-dose alcohol intake eventually leads to cirrhosis, or indirect physical damage, as when an intoxicated driver maims innocents in an automobile accident. The unwise use of drugs is a major cause of suffering and death; in 1977 alone, the lives of 500,000 Americans ended prematurely due to the misuse of cigarettes, alcohol, and other drugs (Pollin, 1979).


Drug Abuse Drug Intake Discriminative Stimulus Drug Abuse Problem Drug Taking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Poling
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA

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