Two Rotten Apples Spoil the Justice Barrel

  • Faye Crosby
  • Laura Burris
  • Catherine Censor
  • E. R. MacKethan
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)


Trying to contain sex discrimination is like catching fireflies. You look outside the window on a dark summer evening and see the entire lawn brightened by an airborne Morse code. You grab a jar; you rush outdoors; and the illumination level drops instantly. What had—at a distance— appeared as a thick clump of night beetles now disperses. The jar remains near empty.


Stimulus Material Relative Deprivation Female Candidate Rotten Apple Word Discrimination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abeles, R. P. (1972). Subjective deprivation and Black militancy. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  2. Crosby, F. J. (1982). Relative deprivation and working women. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Crosby, F. J. (1984a). The denial of personal disaimination. American Behavioral Scientist, 27, 371–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crosby, F. J. (1984b). Relative deprivation in organizational settings. In B. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 6, pp. 51–93). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  5. Crosby, F. J., Clayton, S. D., Hemker, K., & Alksnis, O. (in press). Cognitive biases of the failure to perceive discrimination. Sex Roles. Google Scholar
  6. Deaux, K. (1979). Self evaluations of male and female managers. Sex Roles, 5, 571–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. deLamater, J., & Fidell, L. S. (1971). On the status of women: An assessment and introduction. American Behavioral Scientist, 15, 163–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guimond, S., & Dube-Simard, L. (1983). Relative deprivation theory and the Quebec Nationalist Movement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 526–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kahn, W., & Crosby, F. J. (1985). Change and stasis: Discriminating between attitudes and discriminatory behavior. In L. Larwood, B. A. Gutek, & A. H. Stromberg (Eds.), Women and work: An annual review (Vol. 1, pp. 215–238). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  10. Lerner, M. J. (1980). The belief in a just world. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  11. Linn, E. L. (1971). Women dentists: Career and family. Social Problems, 18, 393–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Miller, J., Labovitz, S., & Fry, L. (1975). Inequities in the organizational experiences of women and men. Social Forces, 54, 365–381.Google Scholar
  13. Schreiber, C. T. (1979). Changing places. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Stevens, L., & Jones, E. E. (1976). Defensive attributions and the Kelley cube. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 809–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Walsh, M. R., & Stewart, A. (1976, March). The professional women. Paper presented at the Conference on Women and Mid-Life Crisis. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  16. Weaver, C. R. (1978). Sex differences in the determinants of job satisfaction. Academy of Management Journal, 21, 265–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faye Crosby
    • 1
  • Laura Burris
    • 2
  • Catherine Censor
    • 3
  • E. R. MacKethan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySmith CollegeNorthamptonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyGeorgetown UniversityUSA
  3. 3.The Dalton SchoolNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations