Statistical thermodynamics is the discipline that develops thermodynamic relationships from the mechanics of submicroscopic particulates (for brevity, particles) coupled with the laws of statistics.1,2 The particles of interest in this book are atoms and molecules, but we shall also have brief remarks on photons, electrons, and nuclear components. Since classical mechanics does not always lead to the most elegant results, we shall use a limited number of rules and axioms from quantum mechanics. The reader interested in basic quantum mechanics is referred to standard texts3,4; proficiency in this field is helpful but not essential for our purposes. This chapter is intended to be a thorough background for acquiring the important procedures of statistical mechanics as related to thermodynamics.
KeywordsPartition Function Statistical Thermodynamic Potential Energy Function Microcanonical Ensemble Independent Particle
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