Advertisement

Neutron Activation Analysis

  • John R. Wright
  • Wayne A. Hendrickson
  • Shigemasa Osaki
  • Gordon T. James
Part of the Biochemistry of the Elements book series (BOTE, volume 5)

Abstract

The discovery of the neutron by Chadwick in 1932 is a relatively recent event in the history of science (see Heller, 1976). Soon after that discovery, neturons had been used to activate elements, and Bowen (1956) showed that neutron activation could be a highly sensitive method of analysis.

Keywords

Neutron Activation Neutron Activation Analysis Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Radiochemical Neutron Activation Analysis Hydrated Manganese Dioxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Asubiojo, O., Guinn, V., and Okumaga, A., 1982. Multielement analysis of Nigerian chewing sticks by instrumental neutron activation analysis, J. Radioanal. Chem. 74:149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowen, H. J. N., 1956. Neutron activation, J. Nucl. Energy 3:18.Google Scholar
  3. Braetter, P., 1983. On the application of neutron activation analysis in the life sciences, Radiochim. Acta 34:85.Google Scholar
  4. DeLancey, K., 1982. Radiochemical neutron activation analysis studies of biological samples in connection with marine production of petroleum and instrumental neutron activation analysis of sedimentary rocks related to uranium exploration, Diss. Abstracts Int. B. 43:417.Google Scholar
  5. DeSoete, D., Gijbels, R., and Hoste, J., 1972. Neutron activation analysis, Chemical Anal ysis Monograms 34:140.Google Scholar
  6. Erdtmann, G., 1976. Neutron Activation Tables ,Weinheimverlag Chemie, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Firouzbakht, M. L., Garmestani, S. K., Rack, E. P., and Blotcky, A. J., 1981. Determination of iodoamino acids and thyroid hormones in a urine matrix by neutron activation analysis, Anal. Chem. 53:1746.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gallorini, M., Greenberg, R. R., and Gills, T. E., 1978. Simultaneous determination of arsenic, antimony, cadmium, chromium, copper, and selenium in environmental material by radiochemical neutron activation analysis, Anal. Chem. 50:1479.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Heller, R. A., 1976. Before neutrons, J. Chem. Ed. 53:714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Heydorn, K., 1984. Neutron Activation Analysis for Clinical Trace Element Research ,Vols. 1 and 2, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.Google Scholar
  11. Holzbecher, J., and Ryan, D. E., 1982. Determination of trace metals by neutron activation after coprecipitation with lead phosphate, J. Radioanal. Chem. 74:25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hoste, J., OpDeBeeck, J., Gijbels, R., Adams, F., VanDen Winkel, P., and DeSoete, D., 1971. Instrumental and Radio Chemical Activation Analysis ,CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio.Google Scholar
  13. Iyengar, G. G., Borberg, H., Kasperek, K., Kiem, J., Siegers, M., Feinendegen, E., and Gross, R., 1979, Elemental composition of platelets. Part I. Sampling and sample preparation of platelets for trace-element analysis, Clin. Chem. 25:699.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Jorstad, K., Salbu, B., and Pappas, A. C., 1981. Multielement analysis of human blood serum by neutron activation and controlled potential electrolysis, Anal. Chem. 53:1398.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kanabrocki, E. L., Case, L. F., Miller, E. B., Kaplan, E., and Oester, Y. T., 1964a. A study of human cerebrospinal fluid: copper and manganese, J. Nucl. Med. 5:643.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kanabrocki, E. L., Fields, T., Decker, C. F., Case, L. F., Miller, E. B., Kaplan, E., and Oester, Y. T., 1964b. Neutron activation studies of biological fluids: manganese and copper, Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isotop. 15:175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kasperek, K., Iyengar, G. V., Kiem, J., Borberg, H., and Feinendegen, L. E., 1979. Elemental composition of platelets. Part III. Determination of Ag, Au, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Mo, Rb, Sb, and Se in normal human platelets by neutron activation analysis, Clin. Chem. 25:711.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kay, M. A., McKown. D. M., Gray, D. H., Eichor, M. E., and Vogt, J. R., 1973. Neutron activation analysis in environmental chemistry, Am. Lab. 5:39.Google Scholar
  19. Kiem, J., Borgerg, H., Lyengar, B. V., Kasperek, K., Siegers, M., Feinendegen, L. E., and Gross, R., 1979. Elemental composition of platelets. Part II. Water content of normal human platelets and measurements of their concentrations of Cu, Fe, K, and Zn by neutron activation analysis, Clin. Chem. 25:705.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Kramer, H. H., and Wahl, W. H., 1968. Neutron activation analysis, in Principles of Nuclear Medicine (H. N. Wagner, ed.), W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, pp. 811–832.Google Scholar
  21. Leddicotte, G. W., 1971. Activation analysis of the biological trace elements, in Methods of Biochemical Analysis ,Vol. 19 (D. Glick, ed.), Interscience Publishers, New York, pp. 345–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lo, J. M., Wei, J. C., Yang, M. H., and Yeh, S. J., 1982. Preconcentration of mercury with lead diethyldithiocarbamate for neutron activation analysis of biological and environmental samples, J. Radioanal. Chem. 72:571.Google Scholar
  23. MacGregor, C. H., Schnaitman, C. A., Normansell, D. E., and Hodgins, M. G., 1974. Purification and properties of nitrate reductase from E. coli K12, J. Biol. Chem. 249:5321.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Mok, W. M., and Wai, C. W., 1984. Preconcentration with dithiocarbamate extraction for determination of molybdenum in seawater by neutron activation analysis, Anal. Chem. 56:27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nadkarni, R. A., and Morrison, G. H., 1978. Determination of molybdenum by neutron activation and Srafion NMRR ion exchange resin separation, Anal. Chem. 50:294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Olson, O. E., Palmer, I. S., and Whitehead, E. I., 1973. Determination of selenium in biological materials, in Methods of Biochemical Analysis ,Vol. 21 (D. Glick, ed.), Interscience Publishers, New York, pp. 58–66.Google Scholar
  27. Papavasiliou, P. S., and Cotzias, G. C., 1961. Neutron activation analysis: the determination of manganese, J. Biol. Chem. 236:2365.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Pickering, M., 1972. A freshman experiment in neutron activation analysis, J. Chem. Ed. 49:430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Polkowska-Motrenko, H., Dermelj, M., Byrne, A. R., Fajgelij, A., Stegnar, P., and Kosta, L., 1982. Radiochemical neutron activation analysis of selenium using carbamate extraction, Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 53:319.Google Scholar
  30. Rengan, K., 1978. An elegant neutron activation analysis; an undergraduate experiment, J. Chem. Ed. 55:203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tjioe, P. S., Volkers, K. J., Kroon, J. J., and De Goeij, J. J. M., 1984. Determination of gold and platinum traces in biological materials as a part of a multielement radiochemical activation analysis system, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 17:13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Versieck, J., Hoste, J., Barbier, F., Michels, H., and De Rudder, J., 1977. Simultaneous determination of iron, zinc, selenium, rubidium, and cesium in serum and packed blood cells by neutron activation analysis, Clin. Chem. 23:1301.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Versieck, J., Hoste, J., Barbier, F., Steyaert, H., De Rudder, J., and Michels, H., 1978. Determination of chromium and cobalt in human serum by neutron activation analysis, Clin. Chem. 24:303.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Wright
    • 1
  • Wayne A. Hendrickson
    • 2
  • Shigemasa Osaki
    • 3
  • Gordon T. James
    • 4
  1. 1.Southeastern Oklahoma State UniversityDurantUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Hybritech, Inc.San DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Health Sciences CenterUniversity of ColoradoDenverUSA

Personalised recommendations