Specific Properties of Higher Plant Mitochondria
One of the major functions of mitochondria from all organisms is to provide ATP as the principal energy source for the cell. This is true also of plant mitochondria and it is therefore no surprise that many basic features of mitochondrial membranes have been conserved between animals and plants despite a billion years of divergent evolution. Thus the morphology of plant mitochondria closely resembles that of their animal counterparts, as do their cyt chain, ATPase complex, energy conservation (H+ ejection) mechanisms and membrane phospholipid composition (Douce, 1985). Presumably these basic features of mitochondrial membranes are essential for their functioning in energy transduction.
KeywordsMitochondrial Genome NADH Dehydrogenase Malic Enzyme Plant Mitochondrion Intact Mitochondrion
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