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Interleukin 1, Interferon Gamma, and the Modulation of Macrophage-T-Cell Interactions

  • David I. Beller

Abstract

Activation of clones of T cells by the specific antigen to which they are reactive requires that the antigen be processed (i.e., metabolized and displayed on the cell surface) by antigen-presenting cells (APCs; reviewed in Ref. 1). While the macrophage has been the most thoroughly studied of APCs, over the past few years it has been determined that a variety of cell types may function in this capacity. We now know that dendritric cells, B cells, and endothelial and Langerhans cells are all capable of antigen presentation, although this may not be a constitutive property of each cell type.1 The three basic properties that define the APCs are: (1) the ability to process antigen, usually by an endocytic route involving lysosomal function; (2) the expression of class II MHC products (the Ia glycoproteins), in association with which the processed antigenic determinant is recognized by the T-cell antigen receptor; and (3) the production of interleukin 1 (IL-1), which provides a requisite signal during T-cell activation. Antigen-induced activation is accompanied by a series of changes in the resting T cell, paramount among which is the induction of receptors for, and secretion of, interleukin 2 (IL-2). A variety of lymphokines that is important for immune function is also produced by the activated T cell, and one of them, interferon gamma (IFN-γ), plays a key role in macrophage activation. The end result of this antigen-induced activation is the selective proliferation of the antigen-reactive T cells.

Keywords

Macrophage Population High Molecular Weight Form Immune Interferon Mixed Leukocyte Culture Endocytic Route 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • David I. Beller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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