The Epstein—Barr Virus-Hybridoma Technique

  • John C. Roder
  • Susan P. C. Cole
  • Tsehay Atlaw
  • Barbara G. Campling
  • Ronald C. McGarry
  • Danuta Kozbor

Abstract

Several years before the application of Köhler and Milstein’s (1975) hybridoma technology to the production of human monoclonal antibodies, human lymphoid lines producing antibody with defined antigenic specificity were established by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) “immortalization” (Steinitz et al., 1977). EBV is a lymphotropic herpes virus, which transforms normal B lymphocytes and makes it possible to culture these cells as permanent lines. Rosen et al. (1977) demonstrated that direct infection of purified human blood lymphocytes with EBV in vitro induced polyclonal secretion of immunoglobulins. Culture supernatants assayed by immunoassay contained a heterogeneous assortment of immunoglobulin isotypes and antibodies specific for various randomly selected antigens. It became obvious, then, that if monospecific B cells could be transformed in vitro into continuous cell lines by EBV and if these “immortalized” cells could be triggered to produce antibodies, permanent lines of B lymphocytes might be established that were capable of producing specific monoclonal antibodies against any appropriate antigen.

Keywords

Lymphoma Leukemia Influenza Myeloma Acetylcholine 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Roder
    • 1
  • Susan P. C. Cole
    • 1
  • Tsehay Atlaw
    • 1
  • Barbara G. Campling
    • 2
  • Ronald C. McGarry
    • 1
  • Danuta Kozbor
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Radiation OncologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  3. 3.The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and BiologyPhiladelphiaUSA

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