Virus Transmission

  • R. I. Hamilton
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


I wish at the outset to make a distinction between natural and experimental transmission of plant viruses. By natural transmission, I refer to the process of virus spread in the natural state, which in most instances would be in the out-of-doors and usually without the direct mediation by man. In this environment, transmission (i.e., introduction to and infection of the suscept) is governed by the interaction between the suscept, the virus, and those factors, biotic and abiotic, which impinge on this interaction. The biotic factors include biological vectors such as insects, nematodes, and fungi and may include man to the extent that he facilitates transmission by mechanical means in the normal course of crop husbandry, e.g., mechanical transmission of certain viruses to perennial plants in pastures by mowing machines and virus spread by horticultural processes involving grafting. The abiotic factors include temperature, soil fertility, and plant density insofar as they affect the physiology of the suscept and the activity of vectors.


Mosaic Virus Cucumber Mosaic Virus Aphid Species Sour Cherry Green Peach Aphid 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. I. Hamilton
    • 1
  1. 1.Agriculture Canada Research StationVancouverCanada

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