Strategies for Solution Equilibria Studies with Specific Reference to Spectrophotometry

  • Josef Havel
  • Milan Meloun
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE)


During equilibrium studies one attempts to solve the problem of designing the best model for the system, i.e., to determine the number of complex species M p L q H r in solution, the stoichiometry, stability constants, and molar absorptivities at selected wavelengths. The overall formation constant of the complex M p L q H r is defined by
$$pM + qL + rH \rightleftharpoons {M_p}{L_q}{H_r}$$
$${\beta _{pqr}} = [{M_p}{L_q}{H_r}]/{[M]^p}{[L]^q}{[H]^r}$$


Stability Constant Dissociation Constant Methyl Orange Equilibrium Model Formation Constant 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef Havel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Milan Meloun
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryJ. E. Purkyne UniversityKotlarska 2BrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of Chemical TechnologyPardubiceCzechoslovakia

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