Thermal Conductivity of Selected Stainless Steels

  • R. H. Bogaard


The available experimental data and information for the thermal conductivity of stainless steels have been exhaustively searched, comprehensively compiled, and critically evaluated. The analysis took into account factors such as amount and nature of alloying element, presence of cold-work, and thermal history. Also, a significant number of stainless steels produced in other nations were included as equivalent stainless steels in the thermal conductivity data base. Subsequently, recommended values were generated for selected stainless steels with austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening types being included. Results for AISI 302, 304, 310, 316, 321, 410, 430, 446, and 631 stainless steels are presented in survey fashion with AISI 304 steel being discussed in greater detail.


Thermal Conductivity Stainless Steel Electrical Resistivity Cast Iron Austenitic Stainless Steel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Powers, R.W., Ziegler, J.B., and Johnston, H.L., ‘The Thermal Conductivity of Metals and Alloys at Low Temperatures. I. Apparatus for Measurements Between 25 and 300 E. Data on Pure Aluminum, OFHC Copper, and ‘L’ Nickel’, U.S. Air Force Rept. TR-264-6, 14 pp. (1951). [ATI-105 923]Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Ewing, C.T., Grand, J.A., and Miller, R.R., ‘Thermal Conductivity of Liquid Sodium and Potassium’, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 74 11–14 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Przybycien, W.M. and Linde, D.W., ‘Thermal Conductivities of Gases, Metals, and Liquid Metals’, USAEC Rept. KAPL-MWMP 1, 24 pp. (1957).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Taylor, R.E., Powell, R.W., Nalbantyan, M., and Davis, F.E., ‘Evaluation of Direct Electrical Heating Methods for the Determination of Thermal Conductivity at Elevated Temperatures’, Thermophysical Properties Research Center, Purdue Univ., U.S. Air Force Rept. AFML-TR-68-227, 74 pp. (1968). [AD 679 639]Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Brown, V.T., Jr. and Bergles, A.E., ‘Measurement of Thermal Conductivity for Electrically Heated Heat-Transfer Test Sections’, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Thermophysical Properties, 4th Ed., 184–188 (1968).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Perme, T., Krstic, D.J., and Vodopivec, F., ‘Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity of High-Alloy Ferritic Steels’, Nukl. Inst. Jozef Stefan, Nijs Porocilo, p-245, 1–31 (1969).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Feith, A.D., Hein, R.A., Johnstone, C.P., and Flagella, P.N., ‘Thermophysical Properties of Low Carbon 304 Stainless Steel to 1350°C’, in Thermal Conductivity, Proceedings of the Eighth Conference [Ho, C.Y. and Taylor, R.E., Editors], Plenum Press, New York, NY, 1051–1065 (1969).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Fiebelmann, P., ‘Determination of the Radial Thermal Conductivity of Multilayer Tubes for Thermionic Converters’, Forsch. Ingenieurw., 38. (5), 133–138 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Tye, R.P., Hayden, R.W., and Spinney, S.C., ‘The Thermal Conductivity of a Number of Alloys at Elevated Temperatures’, High Temp.-High Pressures, 4 (5), 503–511 (1972).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Tye, R.P., Hayden, R.W., and Spinney, S.C., ‘Thermal Conductivity of Selected Alloys at Low Temperatures’, Adv. Cryog. Eng., 22, 136–144 (1977).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Goldratt, E. and Greenfield, A.J., ‘New Method for Measuring the Thermal Conductivity’, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 49 (11), 1531–1536 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Brophy, J.H. and Sinnott, M.J., ‘The Thermal and Electrical Conductivities of Ductile Cast Iron and Several Gray Cast Irons’, Trans. Am. Soc. Met., 52, 567–581 (1960).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Deverall, J.E., ‘The Thermal Conductivity of a Molten Pu-Fe Eutectic (9.5 Atomic % Fe)’, USAEC Rept. LA-2269, 62 pp. (1959).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Powell, R.W. and Tye, R.P., ‘New Measurements on Thermal Conductivity Reference Materials’, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 10 (5), 581–596, 1967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Brauner, J. and Friedhoff, P., ‘Simple Procedure for the Determination of the Thermal Conductivity of Steels’, Materialpruefung, 13 (7), 230–233 (1971).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Bogaard, R.H., Desai, P.D., Li, H.H., Chu, T.K., Chi, T.C., Matula, R.A., and Ho, C.Y., Properties of Stainless Steels, Vol. IV-1 of McGraw-Hill/CINDAS Data Series on Material Properties (Touloukian, Y.S. and Ho, C.Y., Editors), McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY, 450 pp., in course of publication.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Fieldhouse, I.B., Hedge, J.C., Lang, J.I., and Waterman, T.E., ‘Thermal Properties of High Temperature Materials’, U.S. Air Force Rept. WADC-TR-57-487, 78 pp. (1957). [PB-131 718]Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Seibel, R.D. and Mason, G.L., ‘Thermal Properties of High Temperature Materials’, U.S. Air Force Rept. WADC-TR-57-468, 58 pp. (1958). [AD 155 605]Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Moeller, C.E. and Wilson, D.R., ‘Thermal Conductivities of Several Metals and Non-Metals from 200 to 1300°C by the Radial Heat-Flow Technique’, in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Thermal Conductivity (McElroy, D.R., Editor) [Proceedings of Conference at Gatlinburg, TN on October 16–18, 1963], 224–251 (1964).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Neimark, B.E., Lyusternik, V.E., and Korytina, S.F., ‘Physical Properties of Khl7N7Yu Steel’, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp., 2(5), 725–729 (1964); Engl. Transl.: High Temp., 2 (5), 652–655 (1964).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Bungardt, K. and Spyra, W., ‘Thermal Conductivity of Alloyed and Plain Steels and Alloys at Temperatures Between 20 and 700°’, Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 36 (4), 257–267 (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Purdue Research Foundation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. H. Bogaard
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and SynthesisPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations