Starting out as de Puysegur’s “magnetic somnambulism,” hypnosis has gone through a number of transformations over the last 140 years, culminating in today’s “Ericksonian hypnosis.” Factors leading to the changes are discussed. There have been many, clinicians rather than researchers having the main influence upon this transformation. In contrast to earlier research, carried out prior to 1920, modern research has contributed very little new to our understanding or utilization of hypnosis. Some of the reasons for this are also examined.
KeywordsConceptual Change Altered State Tonic Immobility Unconscious Process Suggested Effect
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bandler, R., and Grinder, J, 1979, Frogs into Princes. Moab, Utah, Real People Press.Google Scholar
- Barrucand, D, 1967, Histoire de l’Hypnose en France, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.Google Scholar
- Braid, J, 1841, Neurypnology, John Churchill, London.Google Scholar
- Erickson, M. H., Rossi, E. L., and Rossi, S. I., 1976, Hypnotic realities, in: “The Induction of Clinical Hypnosis and Forms of Indirect Suggestion,” Irvington Publishers, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
- Gill, M. M., and Brennan, M., 1959, Hypnosis and Related States, International University Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Grasset, P., 1904, L’hypnotisme et la suggestion, O. Doin, Paris.Google Scholar
- Weitzenhoffer, A. M., 1953, Hypnotism: an objective study in suggestibility, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
- Weitzenhoffer, A. M., 1957, General Techniques of Hypnotism, Grune and Stratton, Inc, New York.Google Scholar
- Weitzenhoffer, A. M., 1973, Hypnosis and hypnotherapy, six lectures on cassettes, Fort Lee, New Jersey, Behavioral Science Tape Library.Google Scholar
- Weitzenhoffer, A. M., 1978a, The physiology of hypnotism. Methodological and conceptual aspects, Svensk Tidskrift for Hypnos, 5:15–20.Google Scholar
- Weitzenhoffer, A, M., 1978b, Hypnosis and altered states of consciousness, in: “Expanding Dimensions of Consciousness,” A. A. Sugarman and R. E. Tarter, eds., Springer Publications, New York.Google Scholar