The Treatment of Alcohol and Drug Addiction: An Overview
The greatly increased evidence of drug taking in general, the misery which is caused by this abuse and the death toll which results, requires the continued attention of every serious minded physician. It is essential that each patient be considered as an individual and that his own personal needs be fully explored. The therapist must retain an eclectic view of all forms of treatment available and apply or adapt them as required.
In this paper physical and psychological dependency is considered and the wide are of the common drugs of abuse is reviewed. A detailed summary of the recent literature on the treatment of alcoholism using hypnosis is discussed.
It is emphasized that the problem of alcoholism as well as that of all types of drug dependency, addiction and misuse should be examined over the entire range of the patient’s life situation, including cultural background, early environment, peer groups, social habits, marital and family relationships as well as of his own personality, threshold of anxiety and coping abilities.
A full psychiatric and psychosocial assessment must be made of each patient. It is desirable that a trained social worker investigates the social background and environment and institutes whatever immediate assistance and follow up support that can be given in this area and that the family can be counselled and guided through the difficult weeks, months or even years ahead.
The use of psychopharmological drugs and other techniques is considered and the therapist is warned that he must be prepared to shoulder responsibility not only for the immediate treatment of the patient but for the long term surveillance and support of someone with a basis personality difficulty.
Thou hast the keys of Paradise, oh just, subtle, and mighty opium! (De Quincey 1821).
KeywordsDrug Addiction Drug Dependence Road Accident Psychosocial Assessment Citrate Calcium
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- De Quincey, T., London Magazine 1821, Confessions of an English opium eater, IV. 293–312.Google Scholar
- Hartman, B. J., 1976, Hypnotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of alcoholism, J.Natn.med.Ass., 68:101–103 and 147.Google Scholar
- Kessel, N., and Walton, H., 1979, “Alcoholism,” Penguin, Harmonds-worth, England, 145–146.Google Scholar
- Leading Artical, 1967, How important are genetic influences on alcohol dependence? Br.med.J., 2:1371–1372.Google Scholar
- Lenox, J. R., and Bonny, H., 1976, The hypnotizability of chronic alcoholics, Int.J.clin.exp.Hypnosis, 4:419–425.Google Scholar
- Lovern, J. D., Indirect hypnotic communication as a group-therapy technique in alcoholism treatment, in: “Clinical Hypnosis in Medicine 1980,” H.J. Wain, ed., Symposia Specialists Inc., Miami, 1973–191.Google Scholar
- Lloyd, G., 1982, The Alcoholics Anonymous method of treatment, Modern Medicine, 33–37.Google Scholar
- Moll, A., 1889, “Hypnotism,” Scott, London.Google Scholar
- Miller, M. M., 1976, Hypnoaversion treatment in alcoholism, nicotinism and weight control, J.Natn.med.Ass., 68:129–130.Google Scholar
- Saint-Exupery, A. de, 1945, “The Little Prince,” Heinemann, London, 40–41.Google Scholar
- Shaw, G. K., and Thomson, A. D., 1977, “Alcoholism: New Knowledge and New Responses,” G. Edwards and M. Grant, eds., Croom Helm, London, 328–334.Google Scholar
- Voegtlin, W. L., and Lemere, I., 1942, The treatment of alcohol addition: A review of the literature, Q. J.Stud.Alcohol., 2:717–803.Google Scholar
- Wolberg, L. R., 1948, “Medical Hypnosis,” Grune and Stratton, New York, 323–341.Google Scholar