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Some Neuromuscular Phenomena in Hypnosis

  • Marjan Pajntar
  • Egidija Roskar
  • Lojze Vodovnik

Abstract

The study of both voluntary and electrically stimulated activity of the neuromuscular system of striated muscles in various conditions of a hypnotic state and under various verbal suggestions in those states of hypnosis, has shown interesting neuromuscular responses in normal test subjects, in patients with various lesions of the peripheral nerves as well as in patients with hemiparesis. An increased EMG response in an electrically stimulated muscle, an increased EMG response and an increased force of the paretic muscle, altered neuromuscular excitability in subjects with lesions of the peripheral nerves (reaction to another type of electrical stimulation), changed fatiguability, altered spasticity, and a corresponding complex mobility at a lower muscle activity have all been observed. It has been noticed that these changes of the neuromuscular system activity often result from a specific state of hypnosis and mostly from specific suggestions and their intensity. Recently we have been studying the effect of hypnosis upon the activity of the smooth muscles, i.e. the bladder and the pregnant uterus before and during labor.

Keywords

Voluntary Contraction Functional Electrical Stimulation Psychosomatic Medicine Awake State Wake State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjan Pajntar
    • 1
  • Egidija Roskar
    • 2
  • Lojze Vodovnik
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Ljubljana and Hospital of KranjYugoslavia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation Institute in LjubljanaKranjYugoslavia

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