The Specific Reading Difficulty versus Dyslexia Debate in the United Kingdom
There was in the 1960s and early 1970s a fairly lively debate about the existence of dyslexia. There were those who held that dyslexia was an identifiable syndrome, plus some symptoms with definable etiology. There were also those who adopted an approac which described the failure to acquire literacy skills in purely behavioral terms without regard to underlying causes. The protagonists in the debate were respectively the private sector led by neurologists and other medical personnel with support from parents’ groups—and the public sector—the local education authorities (LEAs) educational psychologists, and remedial teachers. This debate about the needs of children and young people, soon became heated and dyslexia became a term charged with emotion. If the above is a fairly accurate account of times past, is it really so today in the United Kingdom? A recent study conducted by the Division of Educational and Child Psychologists (DECP) of the British Psychological Society (BPS) has found that it is not. Not only have the attitudes of the different proponents changed, but also the 1981 Education has given them an arena in which peace talks rather than pugili displays can take place.
KeywordsReading Difficulty Residential School Remedial Teaching Peace Talk Local Education Authority
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