It is tempting to think of science as a linear process of discovery and development, but this type of model does little justice to a subject such as ecology. In fact, the very idea of progress is itself a topic generating reflection and argument. Nevertheless, human societies expect scientists to contribute to change in desired directions, and those scientific activities that appear to be directly and linearly related to desirable social end products receive special attention and support.
KeywordsSaudi Arabia Ecological Research United Nations Environmental Program Linear Process Human Environment
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