Semiology in 1980
The word semiology comes from the Greek σημaα and. σημεȸov meaning sign. The Greek usage is the source of an old and vexing confusion because it originally meant not only “sign” with the same meaning that we still assign it today (which will be explained below), but also “indice”1 or “symptom”: in Epicurus, “blood is the sign of the wound.” If, therefore, following the correct etymology, one defines semiology as the science of signs, one then runs the risk of referring to it as a science of symptoms or indices, because this is one of the oldest usages of the term semiology found in French.
KeywordsLiterary History Combinatory Rule Literary Text Current Anthropology Linguistic Sign
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.D. G. Mallery, Sign Language among the North American Indians (1881; rpt. The Hague: Mouton, 1971).Google Scholar
- 3.R. A. R. Kleinpaul, Sprache ohne Wörte (Leipzig: W. Friedrich, 1888).Google Scholar
- 4.R. Barthes, Mythologies (Paris: Seuil, 1957).Google Scholar
- 5.Julia Kristeva “Sémiologie,” Encyclopaedia Universalis ,14 (1972), 860–863.Google Scholar
- 10.Jacques Bréhant, 1965, “Commentaires historiques et médicals sur la crucifixion du Christ-Son interpretation dans l’art,” in La Presse Médicale ,Nos. 19, 20, 55: 1, 135–1, 140; 1191-1196; 3235-3240.Google Scholar