The occurrence of stereotyping in psychotherapy traditionally has been minimized. This is particularly true within the more psychoanalytically oriented paradigms in which the dynamics of the individual patient are emphasized, and the patient-therapist relationship is explored within the framework of transferential and countertransferential processes. However, as examination of the psychotherapy process has expanded, its essential characteristics have been seen to include those of any interpersonal, dyadic interaction. Within this context, the question of whether social stereotypes are operative in the psychotherapeutic situation has become an issue. Conceptualizations regarding the manner in which stereotypes shape our views of those with whom we interact have been extended to the psychotherapy relationship.
KeywordsSocial Category Double Standard Female Therapist Male Therapist Social Stereotype
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