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Modulation of Neuroreceptor Functions by Lipomodulin, a Phospholipase Inhibitory Protein

  • Fusao Hirata
  • Yoshitada Notsu
  • Keiichi Matsuda
  • Toshio Hattori
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 160)

Abstract

Glucocorticoids are hormones from the adrenal cortex. Secretion of these hormones is controlled by ACTH from the pituitary gland. The regulation of glucocorticoid secretion by ACTH is influenced by a variety of factors, including stress and depression. Therapeutically, glucocorticoids are often used to treat patients with chronic inflammation and immunological diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Antiinflammatory action of glucocorticoids is now proposed to be associated with the induction of synthesis of phospholipase inhibitory proteins, macrocotin in macrophages (1), renocortin in kidney cells (2) and lipomodulin in neutrophils (3). All these proteins are immunologically and biologically related (4). We isolated this protein from neutrophils treated with glucocorticoids and examined its effects on receptor functions and on neural development. We found that lipomodulin can regulate functions of certain types of receptors and differentiate neuronal cells to the adrenergic phenotype.

Keywords

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Arachidonic Acid Receptor Function Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Arachidonic Acid Release 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fusao Hirata
    • 1
  • Yoshitada Notsu
    • 1
  • Keiichi Matsuda
    • 1
  • Toshio Hattori
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Cell BiologyNational Institute of Mental HealthBethesdaUSA

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