Gender Disorders in Childhood

A Formulation
  • Susan J. Bradley
Part of the Perspectives in Sexuality book series (PISE)


How does one become a transsexual? Although current data do not provide the definitive answer to this question, we can clearly gather some understanding from the study of gender disorders in children. Outcome studies are now confirming the link between early cross-sex behaviors and later gender identity disorders (Green, 1979; Money & Russo, 1979; Zuger, 1978; see Zucker, Chapter 4 in this volume for a review of follow-up studies). Follow-up data also appear to show a degree of variability in outcomes that would suggest more flexibility in these disorders than had originally been supposed. Reports, although few in number, documenting changes in gender identity (Barlow, Reynolds, & Agras, 1973; Davenport & Harrison, 1977; Kronberg, Tyano, Apter, & Wijsenbeek, 1981) and our own clinical experience in following children and adolescents with these disorders have led us to believe that the critical factors relevant in the development and maintenance of these disorders are psychological and social.


Gender Identity Sexual Attraction Gender Identity Disorder Homosexual Orientation Homosexual Relationship 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan J. Bradley
    • 1
  1. 1.Child and Family Studies Centre, Clarke Institute of PsychiatryChild and Adolescent Gender Identity ClinicTorontoCanada

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