Cardiac and Vascular Measurements in Conscious and Anesthetized Animals

  • R. W. Millard


The intent of the following discussion is to provide instructional diagrams, typical recordings, practical applications, and references to methods used to evaluate changes in cardiac size (i.e., mechanics) and in the coronary circulation. Transit-time ultrasound technique and electromagnetic and ultrasonic flow techniques are described. Other methods and approaches to obtain similar measurements are available but have not been described.


Leave Ventricular Pressure Dynamic Geometry Volume Blood Flow Coronary Vascular Resistance Flow Transducer 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Millard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Cell BiophysicsUniversity of Cincinnati College of MedicineCincinnatiUSA

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