Cardiac and Vascular Measurements in Conscious and Anesthetized Animals
The intent of the following discussion is to provide instructional diagrams, typical recordings, practical applications, and references to methods used to evaluate changes in cardiac size (i.e., mechanics) and in the coronary circulation. Transit-time ultrasound technique and electromagnetic and ultrasonic flow techniques are described. Other methods and approaches to obtain similar measurements are available but have not been described.
KeywordsLeave Ventricular Pressure Dynamic Geometry Volume Blood Flow Coronary Vascular Resistance Flow Transducer
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